What’s the common equipment for small scale edible oil refinery plant?
The refining of edible oil is a crucial process that removes impurities from crude oil to oil for consumption. The small scale edible oil refinery plant usually use batch type edible oil refinery plant, including degumming and deacidification tanks and decolorization tank and deodorization tank. In this article, we will discuss the common equipment used in small scale edible oil refinery plant.
Small scale edible oil refinery plant
The degumming tank is one of the equipment used for degumming in the edible oil refinery plant. It is a vertical cylindrical vessel. The inside of the degumming tank is usually filled with lye and hot water to remove protein and free fatty acids from edible oil.
Deacidification tank is a kind of equipment used to remove free fatty acids in edible oil, usually done in the same refining tank with degumming in batch type small scale edible oil refinery plant. To improve work efficiency, two refining tanks are usually configured with stirring blades. The equipment needed for these two sections includes refining tanks, hot water tanks, and alkali pump equipment.
Decolorization tank is one of the equipment used for decolorization in the edible oil refinery plant. The inside of the decolorization tank is usually filled with activated clay or other adsorbents to adsorb the pigments and impurities in palm oil. A decolorization tank is used as the main reaction vessel, and a clay tank is placed to store the clay. A blade filter is used to filter the white soil in the oil to prevent the clay from entering the next section.
Deodorization tank is a device used to remove odors and impurities from edible oil in edible oil refinery plant. In a deodorization tank, edible oil is heated and steam distilled to remove odors and impurities. This improves the quality and taste of edible oil. Deodorization requires a high temperature and negative pressure environment. Therefore, a vacuum system is needed to provide a vacuum environment for the deodorization tank. The deodorizing tank also contains a heat-conducting oil pan to provide a high-temperature environment. The deodorizing tank is made of 304 stainless steel to ensure the quality and safety of the refined oil. A bag filter is used to filter the oil finally.
The above is the introduction of commonly used equipment in small edible oil refinery plant. In addition to the above equipment, small edible oil refineries also need to be equipped with heat transfer oil furnaces, steam generators and other equipment to provide the necessary environment for edible oil refining. The processing capacity of the small edible oil refinery plant is 1-20tpd. The corresponding equipment can be equipped according to the different needs of customers. For example, some customers only need degumming tanks and deacidification tanks, while others need to configure edible oil fractionation equipment according to the particularity of raw materials.
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