Edible Oil Physical Refining vs Edible Oil Chemical Refining

Physical refining and chemical refining are two main refining methods in edible oil processing. Their purpose are both to remove the gum, free fatty acid, pigment and odor in edible oil, so as to make the edible oil achieve better quality. However, there are also great differences between the two refining methods. Next, we mainly introduce the differences between the two refining methods from two aspects: the applicable types of crude oil and the processing technology.

Edible oil physical refining process and edible oil chemical refining processEdible oil physical refining process and edible oil chemical refining process

Types of crude oils suitable for processing:

Crude oils with low gum content and high free fatty acid content, such as palm oil, palm kernel oil and coconut oil, are processed through physical refining. Sunflower seed oil, peanut oil, soybean oil, cottonseed oil, rapeseed oil and other common edible oils can be chemically refined.

About processing technology:

Physical refining: As the crude oil processed by physical refining has less gum content and higher free fatty acid content, degumming and decolorization will be carried out together during physical refining, and the deacidification and deodorization will be treated in the same way. That is, phosphoric acid will be added into the crude oil to remove a small amount of gum in the crude oil. Then clay is added to adsorb the pigment in the oil. After degumming and decoloriaction, the crude oil is filtered through the blade filter to remove impurities such as clay and gum in the crude oil. It enters the deacidification and deodorization tower, where free fatty acids and odor in the crude oil are removed through the action of high-temperature and high vacuum steam without adding other chemical reagents. Generally, the temperature of deacidification and deodorization tower will reach about 240 ℃.

Chemical refining: The chemical refining process can be divided into four parts: degumming, deacidification, decolorization and deodorization. In the degumming section, phosphoric acid or hot water will be added to separate the colloidal impurities in the oil from the crude oil. In the deacidification section, alkali liquor is added to make the alkali liquor react with free fatty acid to produce soap stone and remove free fatty acid from the crude oil. This link is also the biggest difference from physical refining. The next step is decolorization. The clay or activated carbon and other adsorbents are added to the crude oil to remove the pigment in the crude oil. Finally, the deodorization section, in which the peculiar smell in the crude oil will be removed under the high temperature and high vacuum environment.

About handling capacity:

Chemical refining: The minimum processing capacity is 0.5TPD, which means you can process 0.5t of crude oil in 24 hours. The maximum processing capacity is 500 TPD.

Physical refining: In general, our minimum equipment capacity is 30TPD.

Edible oil refining equipment with different processing capacityEdible oil refining equipment with different processing capacity

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